The Red List of Trains in Japan

JNR 415 series

Data (as of 6 Jul 2024)

Status: (See tables below)
Constructed in: 1971-91
Number built: 521*
Registered: 56**

*Including 33 carriages converted from 113 series by JR West.
**Excluding some of those owned by JR West and Kyushu, which have been stored at depots or sidings and awaiting disposal.


The 415 series is a type of dual-voltage suburban train developed by Japanese National Railways. Dual-voltage electric multiple units in Japan date back to JNR 401 and 421 series (in service: 1960-1996), but they were only compatible with DC 1.5 kV and AC 20 kV 50Hz (401 series) or that of 60 Hz (421 series). The 415 series trains are compatible with all three types of electricity that JNR (and JR group) used.

This article classifies the series into three groups: steel-body group, stainless-steel group (variant 1500) and ex-113 series group (variant 800).

Steel-body group▼

Stainless-steel-body group (variant 1500)▼

Ex-113 series group (variant 800)▼

Current Operations & Future Prospects

JR Kyushu is now the only company that owns and uses the series, mostly on San-yo Main Line between Shimonoseki and Moji, where both DC 1.5 kV and AC 20 kV are supplied. In addition, there are limited services on Nippo Main Line between Kokura and Saiki via Oita. The series had been widely used in Fukuoka, Oita and Kagoshima areas, but the number of active trains dramatically dropped when Nishi Kyushu Shinkansen high-speed rail was opened in 2022. Today, all active units are the stainless-steel body group (variant 1500).

Since the 415 series is the only dual-voltage train that JR Kyushu owns, the remaining trains are likely to be operational until the late-2020s.

(Updated: 6 Jul 2024)

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